China’s Antarctic Program and the Antarctic Treaty System

On 4 January 2022 China’s CGTN media network posted a short video announcing that a team of Chinese scientists has arrived at the Zhongshan Station and the Great Wall Station to conduct the 38th expedition in Antarctica to carry out scientific research. The link to the CGTN video is: https://youtu.be/YESKwlAEOJA In this post we provide background information on China’s Antarctic Program and the Antarctic Treaty System, of which China is a consultative party to the Treaty. We provide two back ground articles below. 1. CHINA’S ANTARCTIC PROGRAM On 20 November 1984 China dispatched its first Antarctic research expedition team, and … Continue reading China’s Antarctic Program and the Antarctic Treaty System

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‘Panda Bonds’ to help fund Africa’s energy transition: China-Africa Cooperation Forum

China’s commitment to supporting Africa’s green and low-carbon energy transition was a highlight of the 8th Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), which concluded on 30 November 2021 with a climate joint declaration. The Declaration on China-Africa Cooperation on Combatting Climate Change provides the shape of future partnership in the energy sector. On coal, it reaffirms President Xi Jinping’s pledge, made at the UN General Assembly in September, to stop building new coal-fired power projects abroad, a move that was welcomed by more than 120 African community organisations and NGOs. On clean energy, it includes a commitment from China to further increase investment in solar, … Continue reading ‘Panda Bonds’ to help fund Africa’s energy transition: China-Africa Cooperation Forum

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China’s Electric Vehicle sales reach record 2.9m in 2021

China’s electric vehicle (EV) sales rose by 160% to a record high of 2.9 million units in 2021, underpinning the first increase in overall car sales in the country in the past four years, reports Caixin. New-auto sales rose 3.8% to 26.3 million vehicles in 2021, according to the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers. Sales of plug-in hybrids more than doubled to 600,000 units. Strength in such “new-energy” vehicles more than offset a 5% slump in other automobiles, including conventional gasoline-fueled models, amid a semiconductor shortage. The surge reflects Beijing’s push to pivot to electrics as it works to make China … Continue reading China’s Electric Vehicle sales reach record 2.9m in 2021

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China holds over 1,000 officials accountable for environmental violations

Over 1,000 officials have been investigated for environmental violations in four provinces, after receiving thousands of public complaints Over 1,000 officials have been summoned or held accountable for environmental violations as central environmental inspectors concluded their monthlong visits to four provincial-level regions, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) said. Inspection teams received more than 13,100 complaints from members of the public after they arrived in the provinces of Heilongjiang, Guizhou and Shaanxi and the Ningxia Hui autonomous region in early December, according to a media release from the MEE, where the office of the inspection is based. Staffed by … Continue reading China holds over 1,000 officials accountable for environmental violations

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China-Iran to implement comprehensive cooperation plan for energy and infrastructure

China and Iran announced the launch of the implementation of a 25-year comprehensive cooperation plan following talks on 14 Jan 2022, between Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and visiting Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir Abdollahian in Wuxi, east China’s Jiangsu … Continue reading China-Iran to implement comprehensive cooperation plan for energy and infrastructure

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Indonesia to build “world’s largest green industrial estate” backed by Belt and Road Initiative

PT Kalimantan Industrial Park Indonesia (KIPI), a consortium of companies from Indonesia, China and the United Arab Emirates, is financing the US$132 billion project in North Kalimantan, Indonesia. Indonesian President Joko Widodo said will initially sit on 16,400 hectares of land on the … Continue reading Indonesia to build “world’s largest green industrial estate” backed by Belt and Road Initiative

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Top legislator urges improving eco-conservation legal system in China

BEIJING, Jan. 14 (Xinhua) — Top legislator Li Zhanshu on Friday called for enhanced efforts to perfect China’s legal system for ecological and environmental protection. Li, chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC), made the remarks at a symposium on eco-environmental legislation, which was held by the Environmental Protection and Resources Conservation Committee of the NPC. Stressing the significance of thoroughly implementing Xi Jinping Thought on Ecological Civilization, which provides fundamental guidance for the rule of law in this area, Li urged coordinated efforts to enact new laws on eco-environmental protection while revising existing ones. He … Continue reading Top legislator urges improving eco-conservation legal system in China

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Syria joins the Belt and Road Initiative

Syria on 11 July 2022 joined the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), which will help the Middle Eastern nation create new opportunities for cooperation with China and other countries, to help rebuild amid wars, Western sanctions, and the Covid pandemic. Syria’s admission ceremony took place during the signing of a memorandum of understanding at the Planning and International Cooperation Commission in the Syrian capital Damascus. It was attended by Fadi Khalil, head of the Syrian Planning and International Cooperation Commission, and Chinese ambassador Feng Biao. Khalil said “the admission revives the old role of Syria on the ancient Silk … Continue reading Syria joins the Belt and Road Initiative

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Nicaragua along the Belt and Road

This excellent article, republished from China’s Global Times locates the recent inauguration of Daniel Ortega for a further term as President of Nicaragua, and the increasingly close ties between China and the Central American nation, within the overall context of a resurgence of the left throughout Latin America. This is occurring in the teeth of intense US pressure and hostility and, the article notes, the Latin American left is characterised by a strong opposition to hegemony. The growth of the left in Latin America  therefore  aligns with global trends and will lead to stronger ties with China as well as Russia. Friends … Continue reading Nicaragua along the Belt and Road

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China No 1 publisher of net-zero emission studies

CHINA SURGES FORWARD IN RENEWABLE ENERGY RESEARCH China has a clear lead in the publication of research over the past two decades related to the world’s climate goal of reaching net-zero emissions, a recent report has found. Its performance is also noteworthy in terms of patents that serve the goal. The conclusion was reached based on an analysis of over 1.6 million research publications between 2001 and 2020, as well as roughly 800,000 patents, all with the aim of advancing the understanding of clean energy research and innovation and the pathways toward a net-zero emissions future. Titled Pathways to Net … Continue reading China No 1 publisher of net-zero emission studies

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Why there are no urban slums in China

China has not seen the emergence of urban slums as in many capitalist countries, but instead, there has been a narrowing gap between urban and rural areas.The Chinese government is committed to rural revitalization and to reducing the urban-rural income gap and developmental imbalance. The attached article proposes a concept of “Neo-ruralism” as a way to rebuild urban-rural relations and address the problem of uncoordinated development. Urban-rural relations in China need to be investigated from the perspective of China’s gradual involvement in global capitalism since the early 20th century, and within the context of Western industrialization and capitalist globalization. During … Continue reading Why there are no urban slums in China

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The Logic Behind Shanghai’s Massive New Urban Plan

In January 2021, Shanghai mayor Gong Zheng announced that Shanghai’s days as a unified city were numbered. Instead of one sprawling city covering the entire municipality, Shanghai is planning to build five new cities within its boundaries, as the suburban districts of Jiading, Songjiang, Qingpu, Fengxian, and Nanhui are turned into what Gong termed “comprehensive node cities with radiating and driving functions.” Gong’s speech marked the first time this plan had ever been included in a Shanghai municipal government work report, and it represents the latest step in Shanghai’s efforts to balance the needs of its growing population with its hard space … Continue reading The Logic Behind Shanghai’s Massive New Urban Plan

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Nepal’s Largest Hydropower Station Starts Operation

 With the completion and operation of the Upper Tamakoshi hydroelectric power station, Nepal has not only resolved a long-standing problem of intermittent power shortages, but also realized the transformation from an electricity importer to an exporter. Nepal has begun to sell hydropower to India, which was once Nepal’s largest provider of aid. This has inspired people of the infrastructure construction in South Asia.The first generator unit at the Upper Tamakoshi Hydroelectric Power Station, the largest power station of its kind in Nepal, went into operation on July 5, 2021. Located on the Tamakoshi River in Dolakha District, approximately 2,000 meters from Kathmandu … Continue reading Nepal’s Largest Hydropower Station Starts Operation

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World ocean heat hits record high in 2021: study

Data collected for a study conducted by researchers from 14 institutes in China, the United States and Italy, published 11 January 2022 in the journal Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, has found that 2021 was the hottest for the world’s oceans in recorded human history. They researchers found that the upper 2,000 meters in all oceans last year absorbed a greater amount of heat than the previous record set just the year before, equal to 145 times world electricity generation in 2020. Since more than 90 percent of the excess heat due to global warming is absorbed by the oceans, ocean … Continue reading World ocean heat hits record high in 2021: study

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Chinese mathematicians model effects of toxicants on ecology of polluted rivers

Two Chinese applied mathematicians have developed a spatio-temporal model to help determine criteria for water quality necessary to maintain a healthy aquatic ecology. The model could offer the basis for effective decision-making tools for water and environment managers, and help develop future policy guidelines surrounding specific target species and toxicants. When designing environmental policies to limit the damage of river pollution, it is paramount to assess the specific risks that particular pollutants pose to different species. However, rigorously testing the effects of toxicants—like insecticides, plastic debris, pathogens, and chemicals—on entire groups of organisms without severely damaging their whole ecosystems is simply not … Continue reading Chinese mathematicians model effects of toxicants on ecology of polluted rivers

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Clean household heating in northern China has environmental benefits: study

Many of China’s households still rely on small coal stoves for heat, which causes air pollution that damages health. To address these problems, the Chinese government launched a five-year “Clean Heating Plan” in 2017 with the goal of transitioning 70% of northern households away from coal and toward cleaner heating options. The plan is now in its final year. A study by a group of researchers from several Chinese Universities and research institutes and Princeton University in the US have recommended an increase the use of heat pumps in rural households. Among the options studied, the researchers found air-to-air heat pumps offer … Continue reading Clean household heating in northern China has environmental benefits: study

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How will China control its methane emissions?

“Climate change experts are optimistic that China will begin systematically reducing emissions of methane, a potent greenhouse gas of which the country is among the world’s biggest emitters, but they say more specific measures are needed still.” Introduction: Actions in China’s 14th Five-Year Plan Long neglected, methane reduction received its first-ever mention in China’s latest five-year plan. On March 13, China published its 14th Five-Year Plan, a policy blueprint for the years 2021 to 2025, which for the first time mentioned tightening control over methane, among other non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gases. “Methane being raised to such a high position in the 14th Five-Year … Continue reading How will China control its methane emissions?

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Eighty seven percent of overseas coal power financed by G7 and other advanced economies

A recent Boston University study published in July 2021 found that Japanese, Korean and Western financiers bankroll 87 % of overseas coal power plants globally, contrary to the misconception that most new funding comes from public financing entities in China. In fact, before China banned any new funding of overseas coal projects, China accounted for only 13 % of financing for overseas coal power projects. The private sector from the G7 and other advanced economies make up the majority of overseas coal finance in the world economy. Rather than pointing fingers, the G7 should work with the G20 (including China) and other forums … Continue reading Eighty seven percent of overseas coal power financed by G7 and other advanced economies

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Belt and Road spreads in US ‘backyard’ – Latin America and the Caribbean

Introduction The US has long considered Latin America as “America’s Backyard” – its exclusive neo-colonial zone following decline of European colonial powers. Since 1823, the “Monroe Doctrine” and US actions over the past 2 centuries to subjugate Latin America and the Caribbean, have made it clear that the US was, and still is determined to ruthlessly establish and maintain itself as the absolute hegemon in the region. However, rapid changes in the world economy, in particular, the emergence of China and the Belt and Road Initiative, have and continue to transform the strategic strength of the US empire. The US … Continue reading Belt and Road spreads in US ‘backyard’ – Latin America and the Caribbean

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Chinese solar researchers increase efficiency of solar cells

Chinese scientists have developed a hybrid cooling technique to reduce photovoltaic (PV) module temperatures by up to 12.86 C and increase power yields by 7.25%. “Researchers from Zhejiang University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University in China have developed a hybrid solar module cooling technique based on radiative cooling (RC) and the use of heat pipes to transfer heat”, PV Magazine reports. The scientists discussed their findings in “Enhanced radiative cooling of solar cells by integration with heat pipe,” which was recently published in the scientific journal Applied Energy. The article points out that “thermal management of solar cells is of vital importance to maintain adequate electrical efficiency.” Lately, radiative … Continue reading Chinese solar researchers increase efficiency of solar cells

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High-speed rail cuts greenhouse gas emissions

China’s high-speed railway network has led to a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, a recent study has shown. The research found that the high-speed railway connection has led to an annual reduction of nearly 11.2 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent greenhouse gas emissions by replacing road traffic, equal to 1.33 percent of greenhouse gas emissions in China’s transport sector. Published in the journal Nature Climate Change in October 2021, the study was carried out by researchers from Singapore, Hong Kong and the Chinese mainland. Researchers explained that the mitigation came from more cargo being switched to greener … Continue reading High-speed rail cuts greenhouse gas emissions

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China’s non-fossil fuel powered generation capacity to surpass coal in 2021

The installed capacity and proportion of power generated from non-fossil sources is expected to surpass those of coal-fired power generation for the first time by the end of the 2021 year. In the first half of 2021, China’s power consumption totaled 3.93 trillion kWh, up by 16.2 percent year on year, according to a report released by the China Electricity Council (CEC). The installed capacity of power generation in China is expected to reach 2.37 billion kilowatts by the end of 2021, up around 7.7 percent year on year, with that of power generated from non-fossil sources hitting 1.12 billion … Continue reading China’s non-fossil fuel powered generation capacity to surpass coal in 2021

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Financing a green future, China in action

While maintaining an effective policy mix to spur green investment, #China is working towards a policy system that supports financing activities in a market-based way, and has made efforts to help developing countries cope with climate change and promote global efforts in green transition. To facilitate #GreenFinance, China has combined top-down and bottom-up approaches to ensure that the government plays a guiding role while the market plays a decisive role in resource allocation. The next five years will be a critical period in achieving China’s carbon goals, and the central bank will continue to lay the ground for the green finance framework via … Continue reading Financing a green future, China in action

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Nature: recent scientific reports on climate change – Editor’s choice

Nature has prepared a package of 19 recent scientific reports on key aspects of climate change. “Climate change refers to a statistically defined change in the average and/or variability of the climate system; this includes the atmosphere, the 7 cycle, the land surface, ice and the living components of Earth. The definition does not usually require the causes of change to be attributed, for example to human activity, but there are exceptions.” Nature See below to link to the articles SOURCE: Nature, 25 Nov 2021 https://www.nature.com/collections/xstcgsgkmd?utm_source=facebook_ads&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=APSR_41598_AWA1_GL_PHSS_EDCOL_EC_Climate&fbclid=IwAR1d0qEVQz1yDCUdVjtCGIbQJ8i5QUyS_sZS7FrF7G6_uTOl5J4a_vDIy24 Continue reading Nature: recent scientific reports on climate change – Editor’s choice

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